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emcmanus

十二月 2007 上个月 下个月

The first draft of JSR 255 is out! This defines version 2.0 of the JMX API. We're planning to integrate it into the Java SE 7 platform, subject to the approval of the Expert Group for that platform.

Here's a summary of the important changes. If you're interested, I'd encourage you to download the draft and look at the summary in the Overview Description, which has links into the relevant parts of the API.

This draft contains all the major features that we are planning to add in this version of the API. If there's anything you'd like to see changed, this would be a very good time to let us know!

Namespaces and Cascading

The concept of namespaces is new. All MBeans whose domain begins with foo//, for examplefoo//com.example:type=CacheController, belong to the namespace foo//. Previously,MBeanServer.queryNames(null, null)) returned a list of all MBeans. Now, MBeans within namespaces do not appear in that list. Additionally, namespaces can contain Virtual MBeanswhich do not have to exist as Java objects when they are not being accessed. Namespaces allow much improved scalability, especially when accessing certain MBeans is expensive.

Cascading or Federation means that it is straightforward to import MBeans from a remote MBean Server as if they were local. This blog entry gives an overview of what Cascading is about.

Event Service and Notifications

The Event Service provides greater control over notification handling than the default technique usingMBeanServer.addNotificationListener. The Event Service separates the logic for notification handling from the particular connector that you are using. You can transport notifications using that connector, or using a completely different transport. See the description of the javax.management.event package for more information.

A new class QueryNotificationFilter allows notifications to be filtered using the existing query subsystem.

Resource injection provides an alternative to implementing theNotificationBroadcaster interface or extending theNotificationBroadcasterSupport class. See the next section.

Annotations and Resource Injection

MBeans can now be defined using annotations. Also, the@Resource annotation allows an MBean to get a reference to its MBeanServer and ObjectName references, as an alternative to implementing MBeanRegistration.

This blog entry provides details and rationale.

Client Contexts and Localization

MBeans now have access to a context that can contain information such as locale or transaction ids. (Note though that there is no explicit support for transactions in the API.)

The descriptions in an MBeanInfo can belocalized using a new methodMBeanInfo.localizeDescriptions. A way will be provided to cause this method to be called for all MBeans, using a locale communicated by a remote client. The details are still being sorted out so this area of the API will change.

Queries

A new Query Language provides an alternative way to specify queries that is often simpler than constructingQueryExp objects using the static methods of theQuery class. (The idea of an SQL-like query language for JMX queries was first proposed by Norbert Lataille and Marc Fleury in 2000, although the language in this draft is not derived from that proposal.)

Attributes appearing in a query can now use a dot (.) to specify a value contained in an attribute of complex type, similar to the existing support in thejavax.management.monitor package.

MXBeans

The type mappings can now be customized for any MXBean using annotations or options. Previously the mapping rules were fixed.

Options for StandardMBean and Proxies

A new MBeanOptions class provides control over details of StandardMBean and MXBean proxy operation.

DynamicWrapperMBean

A new interface DynamicWrapperMBean gives better behaviour for MBeans that wrap other objects, in particular as regards class loading.

NotificationManager interface

Three methods of the MBeanServerConnectioninterface are promoted to a new parent interfaceNotificationManager, which can be implemented by classes such as EventClient that provide addNotificationListener/removeNotificationListener functionality.

Model MBeans

It is no longer required that the Descriptor in, for example, ModelMBeanAttributeInfo contain redundantdescriptorType and name fields. The previously-required values are supplied by default if omitted. (Thanks to Lars Westergren for this contribution.)

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[Tags: jmx jsr jsr255 jcp edr]