Our Java application supports my company's (Amway Corp) Customer and Sales Compensation areas. This is a very unique and complex part the Amway's business model. The application requires a large database to store business-related data. The database consists of dozens of tables and millions of rows. It contains transactional data and summarized data. The size of the database grows daily. Database access is an important part of our Java application. The application needs to do lots of complex data inquiry and data processing. When our Java project began 10 years ago, we had to decide how to perform database access from within the Java application. Initially, we had the following factors to consider. 1) We had developers with SQL expertise gained from their work on legacy systems 2) We wanted to use core Java technologies 3) We wanted to take advantage of any industry standards on database access 4) We wanted direct control of SQL statements for performance tuning purposes So we decided that JDBC (Java DataBase Connectivity) was the best fit, for us, to do data access from our application. We knew of other approaches to database access (object mapping, frameworks, other API's, etc.). The other database access approaches were either too new or did not give us the skills we wanted our developers to have. It was a judgment call we felt pretty good about. The Java training we received from our software tools vendor included JDBC lecture and lab sessions. Everybody on the development team learned or re-learned about JDBC connections, statements, result sets, etc. How are things going with database access? Very successful. Over the years, we have created a large number of data caching and data access classes that are constantly being re-used and extended. Not only are we using embedded SQL in Java code for database access. In some cases we use database-specific "stored procedures" from our Java code. We even experimented, briefly, with using Java "stored procedures" from within the application. In the performance sensitive areas of the application, we have learned a great deal about database access tuning with JDBC. This area continues to be a topic of great importance to our application. We are actively performance testing our application and tuning our database access. JDBC. So far so good.