1 Reply Latest reply on Feb 6, 2012 4:05 AM by Maclean Liu

    快速部署RDA Remote Diagnostic Agent

    Maclean Liu
      RDA Remote Diagnostic Agent远程诊断代理是Oracle Support售后服务使用的标准工具之一,当用户在Metalink上提交SR(TAR)时可能Oracle GCS(Global Customer Service)支持会需要让用户从MOS上下载RDA工具,通过RDA收集丰富的数据库环境信息(如包含OS、DB、CRS等),以便原厂售后直接从RDA report中抓取诊断信息,避免了因诊断信息不足 而反复信息交互所浪费的时间 ; 此外Oracle的一些ACS高级客户服务的现场服务过程中也会利用到RDA,例如当用户要求ACS到现场进行月度或季度巡检是RDA就是标准的检查工具。



      说了这么多, 你可能还是不太了解RDA。 这不要紧,你可以把RDA看成一套由oracle定义了很多模块的脚本工具盒, 用它可以收集到诊断过程复杂的Oracle产品问题的各种信息。 可以从My Oracle Support(metalink)的《Remote Diagnostic Agent (RDA) 4 – Getting Started [ID 314422.1]》专栏中下载到各个平台的最新版RDA。





      虽然RDA是Oracle Support使用的工具 , 但是并不是说非原厂售后就看不懂RDA也不能利用到这款工具。 RDA从脚本、模块到最后生成的报告都是自然可读的。 譬如Maclean.Liu 我 在诊断较复杂的问题过程中也会用到RDA, 我甚至推荐在数据库巡检、健康检查过程中也使用RDA, 当然是配合其他工具一起使用。



      在使用RDA之前我们需要完成配置工作,所谓配置就是选择我们要使用的RDA module和一些临时设置,先来认识一下有哪些module:



      将下载到的rda zip包解压

      [oracle@vrh8 ~]$ unzip /tmp/p9079828_418_LINUX.zip

      [oracle@vrh8 ~]$ cd rda

      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -h
      Usage: rda.pl [-bcdflntvwxy] [-ABCDEHIKLMPQRSTV] [-e list] [-m dir]
      [-s name] [-o out] [-p prof] arg ...
      -A Authentify user through the setup file
      -B Start background collection
      -C Collect diagnostic information
      -D Delete specified modules from the setup
      -E Explain specified error numbers
      -H Halt background collection
      -I Regenerate the index
      -K Kill background collection
      -L List the modules available
      -M Display the related manual pages
      -O Render output specifications from STDIN
      -P Package the reports (tar or zip)
      -Q Display the related setup questions
      -R Generate specified reports
      -S Setup specified modules
      -T Execute test modules
      -V Display component version numbers
      -b Don't backup setup file before saving
      -c Check the RDA installation and exit
      -d Set debug mode
      -e list Specify a list of alternate setting definitions (var=val,...)
      -f Set force mode
      -h Display the command usage and exit
      -l Use a lock file to prevent concurrent usage of a setup file
      -m dir Specify the module directory ('modules' by default)
      -n Start a new data collection
      -o out Specify the file for background collection output redirection
      -p prof Specify the setup profile ('Default' by default)
      -q Set quiet mode
      -s name Specify the setup name ('setup' by default)
      -t Set trace mode
      -v Set verbose mode
      -w Wait as long as the background collection daemon is active
      -x Produce module cross reference
      -y Accept all defaults and skip all pauses

      列出所有可用module

      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -L Module

      Available data collection modules are:
      ACFS Collects ASM Cluster File System Information
      ACT Collects Oracle E-Business Suite Application Information
      ADBA Collects ACS Oracle Database Assessment
      ADX Collects AutoConfig and Rapid Clone Information
      AGT Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
      APEX Collects APEX Information
      ASAP Collects Oracle Communications ASAP Information
      ASBR Collects Application Server Backup and Recovery Information
      ASG Collects Application Server Guard Information
      ASIT Collects Oracle Application Server Installation Information
      ASM Collects Automatic Storage Management Information
      B2B Collects Oracle Business to Business Information
      BAM Collects Business Activity Monitoring Information
      BEE Collects Beehive Information
      BI Collects Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition Info.
      BPEL Collects Oracle BPEL Process Manager Information
      BR Collects Database Backup and Recovery Information
      BRM Collects Oracle Communications BRM Information
      CCR Collects OCM Diagnostic Information
      CFG Collects Key Configuration Information
      COHR Collects Oracle Coherence Information
      CONT Collects Oracle Content Services Information
      CRID Collects Oracle Access Manager (COREid) Information
      D2PC Collects Distributed Transaction Information
      DB Controls RDBMS Data Collection
      DBA Collects RDBMS Information
      DBC Collects Database Control Information
      DBM Collects RDBMS Memory Information
      DEV Collects Oracle Developer Information
      DG Collects Data Guard Information
      DNFS Collects Direct NFS Information
      DSCS Collects Discussions Information
      DSCV Collects Oracle Discoverer Information
      ECM Controls Oracle Enterprise Content Management 11g Data Collection
      EM Collects Enterprise Manager OMS and Repository Info (Obsolete)
      END Finalizes the Data Collection
      EPMA Collects Enterprise Performance Management Architect Information
      ESB Collects Enterprise Service Bus Information
      ESS Collects Oracle Essbase Information
      ESSO Collects Oracle Enterprise Single Sign-On Information
      EXA Collects Exadata Information
      FLTR Controls Report Content Filtering
      GRDN Collects Oracle Guardian Information
      GRID Controls Grid Control Data Collection
      GTW Collects Transparent/Procedural Gateway Information
      HFM Collects Oracle Hyperion Financial Management information
      HPL Collects Oracle Hyperion Planning Information
      IA Collects Intelligent Agent Information
      IAS Collects Web Server Information
      IFS Collects iFS (iFS, CMSDK, Files) Information
      INI Initializes the Data Collection
      INST Collects the Oracle Installation Information
      IPSA Collects Oracle Communications IP Service Activator Information
      J2EE Collects J2EE/OC4J Information
      JDBC Collects Oracle Java DB Connectivity (JDBC) Information
      JDEV Collects Oracle JDeveloper Information
      JIVE Collects Jive Information
      LANG Collects Oracle Language Information
      LOAD Produces the External Collection Reports
      LOG Collects Database Trace and Log Files
      MAIL Collects Oracle Collaboration Suite Mail Information
      MSLG Collects Microsoft Languages Information
      ND Collects Oracle Communications Network Discovery Information
      NET Collects Network Information
      NM Collects Oracle Communications Network Mediation Information
      NPRF Samples Performance Information (root not required)
      OCAL Collects Oracle Calendar Information
      OCFS Collects Oracle Cluster File System Information
      OCM Setting up Configuration Manager Interface
      OCS Controls Oracle Collaboration Suite Data Collection
      ODI Collects Oracle Data Integrator Information
      ODM Collects Oracle Data Mining Information
      OES Collects Oracle Express Server Information
      OID Collects Oracle Internet Directory Information
      OIM Collects Oracle Identity Manager Information
      OLAP Collects OLAP Information
      OMM Collects Oracle Multimedia or Oracle interMedia Information
      OMS Collects Oracle Management Server Information (obsolete)
      ONET Collects Oracle Net Information
      OS Collects the Operating System Information
      OVD Collects Oracle Virtual Directory Information
      OVMM Collects Oracle VM Manager Information
      OVMS Collects Oracle VM Server Information
      OWB Collects Oracle Warehouse Builder Information
      OWSM Collects Oracle Web Services Manager Information
      PDA Collects Oracle Portal Information
      PDBA Collects PeopleSoft Information from an Oracle Database
      PERF Collects Performance Information
      PLNC Collects Oracle PL/SQL Native Compilation Information
      PROF Collects the User Profile
      PS Collects Oracle Communications Policy Services Information
      PWEB Collects PeopleSoft Information from Web Application Server
      RAC Collects Cluster Information
      RACD Performs a Database Hang Analysis
      RDSP Produces the Remote Data Collection Reports
      RET Collects Oracle Retail Information
      REXE Performs the Remote Data Collections
      RPRF Samples Performance Information (root privileges required)
      RSRC Collects Database Resource Manager Information
      RTC Collects Real Time Communication Information
      SEBL Collects Siebel Information
      SES Collects Oracle Secure Enterprise Search Information
      SMPL Controls Sampling
      SOA Collects Oracle SOA Suite Information
      SP Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
      SSO Collects Single Sign-On Information
      STC Collects Streams Configuration Information
      STM Collects Streams Monitoring Information
      TOPL Collects Oracle TopLink Information
      TTEN Collects Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Information
      UCM Collects Oracle Universal Content Management Information
      UOA Collects Oracle Universal Online Archive 11g Information
      WAC Collects Web Access Client Information
      WCI Collects Oracle WebCenter Information
      WEBC Collects Oracle Web Cache Information
      WKSP Collects Workspaces Information
      WLS Collects Oracle WebLogic Server Information
      WMC Collects Webmail Client Information
      WRLS Collects Wireless Information
      XDB Collects XDB Information
      XSMP Samples User Defined Data
      XTRA Collects User Defined Data





      如以上列表中RAC模块用来Collects Cluster Information收集集群信息, 而RACD模块则负责收集RAC数据库挂起的相关信息Performs a Database Hang Analysis。



      我们在配置RDA的时可以直接执行./rda.sh, 脚本会提示我们需要选择启用哪些Module,但是因为Module过多,整个配置过程就会浪费很多时间。



      为了避免每配置一套新环境都要大费周章确认那么多模块, 所以在RDA中定义了很多典型场景使用的profile, 这些profile已经配好了固定的一些Module , 下面我们来看一下RDA profile:





      列出所有目前可用的profile

      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -L profiles
      Available profiles are:
      9iAS Oracle Application Server 9i problems
      AS10g Oracle Application Server 10g problems
      AS10g_Identity Oracle Identity Management 10g problems
      AS10g_MidTier Oracle Application Server 10g Middle Tier problems
      AS10g_Repository Oracle Application Server 10g metadata repository problems
      AS10g_WebTier Oracle Application Server 10g WebTier problems
      AS_BackupRecovery Oracle Application Server backup/recovery problems
      Act Oracle Application Overview
      AppsCheck Equivalent to AppsCheck
      AsmFileSystem Oracle ASM Cluster File System problems
      Bam Business Activity Monitoring problems
      Beehive Oracle Beehive problems
      DB10g Oracle Database 10g problems
      DB11g Oracle Database 11g problems
      DB8i Oracle Database 8i problems
      DB9i Oracle Database 9i problems
      DB_Assessment Oracle Database assessment collections
      DB_BackupRecovery Oracle Database backup and recovery problems
      DB_Perf Oracle Database performance problems
      DataGuard Data Guard problems
      DirectNFS Direct NFS problems
      Discoverer10g Oracle Discoverer 10g problems
      Discoverer11g Oracle Discoverer 11g problems
      EnterpriseSearch Oracle Secure Enterprise Search problems
      Essbase Oracle Essbase problems
      FM11g_Bi Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11g problems
      FM11g_Ecm Oracle Enterprise Content Management 11g problems
      FM11g_Forms Oracle Forms 11g problems
      FM11g_Identity Oracle Identity Management 11g problems
      FM11g_Odi Oracle Data Integrator Standalone 11g problems
      FM11g_Portal Oracle Portal 11g problems
      FM11g_Reports Oracle Reports 11g problems
      FM11g_Soa Oracle SOA Suite 11g problems
      FM11g_WebTier Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Web Tier problems
      FM11g_WlsBi Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11g with WLS
      FM11g_WlsForms Oracle Forms 11g with WLS problems
      FM11g_WlsIdentity Oracle Identity Management 11g with WLS problems
      FM11g_WlsOdi Oracle Data Integrator Suite 11g with WLS problems
      FM11g_WlsPortal Oracle Portal 11g with WLS problems
      FM11g_WlsReports Oracle Reports 11g with WLS problems
      FM11g_WlsWebTier Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Web Tier with WLS problems
      FinManagement Oracle Hyperion Financial Management problems
      GridControl Grid Control problems
      InterMedia Oracle interMedia problems
      Linux Linux problems
      LinuxPerf Linux performance problems
      Maa_Assessment Maximum Availability Architecture assessment collections
      Multimedia Oracle Multimedia problems
      OSMonitor Operating System performance sampling
      OVMManager Oracle VM Manager problems
      Pda10g Portal 10g problems
      Pda11g Portal 11g problems
      Pda9i Portal 9i problems
      PeopleSoft_DB PeopleSoft Oracle Database tier assessment collections
      PeopleSoft_Web PeopleSoft Web application server assessment collections
      Rac Real Application Cluster problems
      Rac_AdvancedAsm Cluster with ASM problems (ASM advanced mode)
      Rac_Asm Cluster with ASM problems
      Rac_Assessment Real Application Cluster assessment collections
      Rac_Perf Cluster performance problems
      Retail Oracle Retail problems
      Security Filter sensitive information from the reports
      SupportInformer70 Oracle Communication BRM 7.0 problems
      SupportInformer72 Oracle Communication BRM 7.2 problems
      SupportInformer73 Oracle Communication BRM 7.3 problems
      SupportInformer74 Oracle Communication BRM 7.4 problems
      TimesTen Oracle TimesTen problems
      TopLink10g Oracle TopLink 10g problems
      WebCenter10g Oracle WebCenter 10g problems
      WebCenter11g Oracle WebCenter 11g problems
      WebCenterCont10g Oracle WebCenter 10g with Oracle Content Services problems
      WebLogicServer Oracle WebLogic Server problems





      上例列出了该版本RDA默认就有的Profile , 如DB11g这个profile是用来收集11g Database数据库的诊断信息的, 而DB10g 是收集10g Database诊断信息的, DB_Perf是收集数据库性能诊断信息的。

      可以具体了解 这些profile 预设了哪些Module:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -M -p DB11g
      NAME
      Profile DB11g - Oracle Database 11g problems

      MODULES
      The DB11g profile uses the following modules:
      OS Collects the Operating System Information
      PROF Collects the User Profile
      PERF Collects Performance Information
      NET Collects Network Information
      ONET Collects Oracle Net Information
      INST Collects the Oracle Installation Information
      DB Controls RDBMS Data Collection
      DBA Collects RDBMS Information
      DBM Collects RDBMS Memory Information
      LOG Collects Database Trace and Log Files
      DNFS Collects Direct NFS Information
      SP Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
      GRID Controls Grid Control Data Collection
      AGT Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
      DBC Collects Database Control Information

      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -M -p DB10g
      NAME
      Profile DB10g - Oracle Database 10g problems

      MODULES
      The DB10g profile uses the following modules:
      OS Collects the Operating System Information
      PROF Collects the User Profile
      PERF Collects Performance Information
      NET Collects Network Information
      ONET Collects Oracle Net Information
      INST Collects the Oracle Installation Information
      DB Controls RDBMS Data Collection
      DBA Collects RDBMS Information
      DBM Collects RDBMS Memory Information
      LOG Collects Database Trace and Log Files
      SP Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
      GRID Controls Grid Control Data Collection
      AGT Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
      DBC Collects Database Control Information





      除了module之外profile可能还定义了一些临时变量如force_onet_tests 是否强制做oracle net网络测试等, 可以用-f( Set force mode)选项来列出这些temporary settings:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -fM -p DB10g
      NAME
      Profile DB10g - Oracle Database 10g problems

      MODULES
      The DB10g profile uses the following modules:
      OS Collects the Operating System Information
      PROF Collects the User Profile
      PERF Collects Performance Information
      NET Collects Network Information
      ONET Collects Oracle Net Information
      INST Collects the Oracle Installation Information
      DB Controls RDBMS Data Collection
      DBA Collects RDBMS Information
      DBM Collects RDBMS Memory Information
      LOG Collects Database Trace and Log Files
      SP Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
      GRID Controls Grid Control Data Collection
      AGT Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
      DBC Collects Database Control Information

      SETTINGS
      The DB10g profile sets the following temporary settings:
      force_db_tests=1
      force_dba_tests=1
      force_dbm_tests=1
      force_log_tests=1
      force_onet_tests=1





      也可以列出全部预定义的profile的Module信息:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -xv profiles
      Treating profiles ...
      Profile Cross Reference

      Defined Profiles:
      9iAS S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
      S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE, S330SSO, S340OID, S350WEBC
      AS10g S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
      S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE, S330SSO, S340OID, S350WEBC
      AS10g_Identity S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
      S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE, S330SSO, S340OID, S342OVD
      AS10g_MidTier S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S249WRLS,
      S290DEV, S300IAS, S310J2EE, S325PDA, S350WEBC, S390DSCV
      AS10g_Repository S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
      S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE
      AS10g_WebTier S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
      S310J2EE, S350WEBC, S410GRID
      AS_BackupRecovery S100OS, S300IAS, S305ASBR
      Act S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S130INST, S500ACT
      AppsCheck S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S130INST, S500ACT
      AsmFileSystem S100OS, S105PROF, S120NET, S122ONET, S130INST, S402ASM,
      S403ACFS
      Bam S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S374BAM
      ..........







      使用-Q 选项可以更详细地列出profile相关的问题:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -Q -p DB11g

      NAME
      S120NET - Collects Network Information

      SETTING DESCRIPTION
      NETWORK_PING_TESTS
      "Do you want RDA to perform the network ping tests (Y/N)?"

      LOCAL_NODE
      "Enter the name of the node the script is running on (used for ping
      tests)"

      WAN_NODE
      "Enter a remote node connecting to this server (used for ping tests)"

      RDBMS_NODE
      "Enter the node hosting the database instance (used for ping tests)"

      WEB_NODE
      "Enter the node where the Web Server/Forms server is on (used for ping
      tests)"

      ...............





      通过继承profile的定义可以快速配置RDA,例如我们尝试使用DB11g这个profile:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -S -p DB11g

      使用profile后RDA问你的问题明显减少了哦

      之后在运行rda.sh就会收集信息了

      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      RDA Data Collection Started 06-Feb-2012 01:23:22
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Processing Initialization module ...
      Enter the password for 'SYSTEM':
      Please re-enter it to confirm:
      Processing OCM module ...
      Processing PERF module ...
      Processing CFG module ...
      Processing OS module ..





      可能你还是觉得麻烦:”我使用oracle操作系统用户登录的,为啥每次还要输密码呢?直接sysdba不行吗?” 对于有些内部视图X$ View的查询也确实需要sysdba权限, 我们可以如下设置来使用sysdba身份:



      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB11g

      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      RDA Data Collection Started 06-Feb-2012 01:27:37
      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Processing Initialization module ...
      Processing OCM module ...
      Processing PERF module ...
      Processing CFG module ...
      Processing OS module ...





      除了单独使用某个profile外,我们还可以组合使用多个profile,使用-p profile1-profile2这样的语法即可,如:



      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB11g-DataGuard

      使用-p profile1-profile2这样的模式即可





      RDA经过配置后会默认将配置信息写到其目录下的setup.cfg文件中,之后再使用rda.sh收集信息即会沿用该cfg文件:





      cat setup.cfg

      # Oracle Remote Diagnostic Agent - Setup Information
      ###############################################################################

      #------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      # Data Collection Overview
      #------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      # S000INI=pending
      # S010CFG=pending
      # S020SMPL=pending
      # S090OCM=pending
      # S100OS=pending
      # S105PROF=pending
      # S110PERF=pending
      # S120NET=pending
      # S122ONET=pending
      # S130INST=pending
      # S200DB=skip
      # S201DBA=pending
      # S203DBM=pending
      # S204LOG=pending
      # S205BR=pending
      # S212DNFS=skip
      # S213SP=skip
      # S400RAC=pending
      # S400RACD=skip
      # S401OCFS=skip
      # S405DG=pending
      # S410GRID=skip
      # S420AGT=skip
      # S430DBC=skip
      # S909RDSP=skip
      # S919LOAD=pending
      # S990FLTR=skip
      www.oracledatabase12g.com
      www.askmaclean.com
      # S999END=pending
      .................





      除了最常见的DB11g 、 DB10g外还有一些很有用的profile可以加速我们对问题的诊断, 在这里分享一下:





      For 11g

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB11g

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p DB11g
      --收集alert文本

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1,DBCONTROL_SERVER_IN_USE=1 -p DB11g
      --收集DBcontrol信息

      ./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p DB11g
      --收集诊断信息并打包

      DB10g

      ./rda.sh -S -p DB10g

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB10g

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,DBCONTROL_SERVER_IN_USE=1 -p DB10g

      DB9i

      ./rda.sh -S -p DB9i

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB9i

      DB_BackupRecovery 收集备份恢复信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p DB_BackupRecovery

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,RMAN_IN_USE=0 -p DB_BackupRecovery
      --不使用RMAN备份

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,RMAN_IN_USE=1,RMAN_CATALOG=0 -p DB_BackupRecovery
      --使用RMAN但不使用CATALOG恢复目录

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,RMAN_IN_USE=1,RMAN_CATALOG=1,RMAN_SCHEMA=rman,RMAN_EXPORT_USER=rman@catlogdb -p DB_BackupRecovery

      DB_Perf 收集数据库性能信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p DB_Perf

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB_Perf

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,PERF_START_TIME=11-Mar-2010_12:00,PERF_END_TIME=11-Mar-2010_13:00 -p DB_Perf
      --指定收集性能信息的时间段

      DataGuard 收集dg 信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p DataGuard

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DataGuard

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ONET_IN_USE=1,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p DataGuard
      --同时也收集Oracle Net Services信息

      RAC 收集Real Application Cluster CRS信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p Rac

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac

      RAC ASM 收集 Rac + Clusterware + Asm 信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Asm

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Rac_Asm

      Rac_AdvancedAsm 收集更详细的Rac + Clusterware + Asm 信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p Rac_AdvancedAsm

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Rac_AdvancedAsm

      Rac_Perf 收集RAC数据库性能信息

      ./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Perf

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac_Perf

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,PERF_START_TIME=11-Mar-2010_12:00,PERF_END_TIME=11-Mar-2010_13:00 -p Rac_Perf

      DirectNFS

      ./rda.sh -S -p DirectNFS

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DirectNFS

      AsmFileSystem

      ./rda.sh -S -p AsmFileSystem

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p AsmFileSystem

      DB_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac_Assessment

      Rac_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Rac_Assessment

      Maa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -S -p Maa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Maa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Maa_Assessment

      Exadata_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -S -p Exadata_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Exadata_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1,EXA_COLLECT_CELL=0 -p Exadata_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Exadata_Assessment

      Maa_Exa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -S -p Maa_Exa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Maa_Exa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1,EXA_COLLECT_CELL=0 -p Maa_Exa_Assessment

      ./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Maa_Exa_Assessment







      还可以利用rda对OS做数据库软件安装前的预检查,如将需要安装11.2g,则执行 ./rda.sh -T hcve:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -T hcve
      Processing HCVE tests ...
      Available Pre-Installation Rule Sets:
      1. Oracle Database 10g R1 (10.1.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
      2. Oracle Database 10g R1 (10.1.0) Preinstall (Linux AMD64)
      3. Oracle Database 10g R1 (10.1.0) Preinstall (IA-64 Linux)
      4. Oracle Database 10g R2 (10.2.0) Preinstall (Linux AMD64)
      5. Oracle Database 10g R2 (10.2.0) Preinstall (IA-64 Linux)
      6. Oracle Database 10g R2 (10.2.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
      7. Oracle Database 11g R1 (11.1.0) Preinstall (Linux AMD64)
      8. Oracle Database 11g R1 (11.1.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
      9. Oracle Database 11g R2 (11.2.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
      ID NAME RESULT VALUE
      ====== ==================== ======= ==========================================
      A00010 OS Certified? PASSED Adequate
      A00050 Enter ORACLE_HOME RECORD /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
      A00060 ORACLE_HOME Valid? PASSED OHexists
      A00070 O_H Permissions OK? PASSED CorrectPerms
      A00080 oraInventory Permiss PASSED oraInventoryOK
      A00090 Got ld,nm,ar,make? PASSED ld_nm_ar_make_found
      A00100 Umask Set to 022? PASSED UmaskOK
      A00120 Limit Processes PASSED Adequate
      A00130 Limit Descriptors PASSED Adequate
      A00140 LDLIBRARYPATH Unset? PASSED UnSet
      A00180 JAVA_HOME Unset? PASSED UnSet
      A00190 Enter JDK Home RECORD
      A00200 JDK Version FAILED JDK home is missing
      A00210 Other O_Hs in PATH? FAILED OratabEntryInPath
      A00220 Other OUI Up? PASSED NoOtherOUI
      A00230 /tmp Adequate? PASSED TempSpaceOK
      A00240 Disk Space OK? PASSED DiskSpaceOK
      A00250 Swap (in MB) RECORD 5951
      A00260 RAM (in MB) PASSED 3955
      A00270 Swap OK? PASSED SwapToRAMOK
      A00280 Network PASSED Connected
      A00290 IP Address RECORD 192.168.1.191
      A00300 Domain Name RECORD oracle.com
      A00310 DNS Lookup FAILED nslookup host.domain
      A00320 /etc/hosts Format FAILED Missing host.domain
      A00330 Kernel Parameters OK PASSED KernelOK
      A00380 Tainted Kernel? PASSED NotVerifiable
      A00400 ip_local_port_range PASSED RangeOK
      A00480 EL4 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotEL4
      A00490 EL5 RPMs OK? FAILED [kernel-headers(i386)] not installed ..>
      A00530 RHEL4 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotRedHat
      A00540 RHEL5 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotRedHat
      A00570 SUSE SLES10 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotSuSE
      A00580 SUSE SLES11 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotSuSE
      Result file: /home/oracle/rda/output/RDA_HCVE_A200DB11R2_lnx_res.htm





      上例对OS做了Oracle Database 11g R2 (11.2.0) Preinstall的预安装检查 ,并给出了检查结果。







      还可以使用./rda.sh命令对现有的RDA软件做完整性检测,保证RDA没有被修改过:





      [oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -cv
      Loading the file list ...
      Checking the directory '.' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Handle' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Library' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Library/Remote' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Local' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Object' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Operator' ...
      Checking the directory 'RDA/Value' ...
      Checking the directory 'hcve' ...
      Checking the directory 'modules' ...
      No issues found

      [http://www.oracledatabase12g.com/archives/setup-oracle-rda-remote-diagnostic-agent.html|http://www.oracledatabase12g.com/archives/setup-oracle-rda-remote-diagnostic-agent.html]

      Maclean Liu
      Oracle Database Administrator
      Oracle Certified 10g/11g Master     
      www.oracledatabase12g.com