The typical way to do this is by creating a when-new-form-instance personalization.
1) First create an action of the type builtin and builtin type = CREATE RECORD GROUP FROM QUERY
This is where you define whatever query you would like to use.
2) Then you create another action of the type Property.
Select object type = lov and property name = group name.
In value, you should give the new record group you defined earlier.