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To change the password of SYS user in a dataguard environment:
1. Recreate the password file in primary database server using "orapwd" utility.
2. Copy the newly created password file from primary database server to the standby database server and rename it according to your standby SID. (If on windows, then PWD<Standby_SID>.ora , if on linux then orapw<Standby_SID>.)
Refer this http://emrebaransel.blogspot.com/2008/11/changing-sys-password-in-dataguard.html
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Why not just use :
Changing the password probably does not help you much.
sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
However if it helps we change our SYS and SYSTEM password on a regular basis using this method :
You don't have to recreate the password file ( at least not in 188.8.131.52 or 184.108.40.206 ).
ALTER USER SYSTEM IDENTIFIED BY newpassword;
Just copy it ( scp it ) to the standby and rename it. And remember to cancel recovery and restart the Standby on the new password file.
The password for the sys user needs to be the same on the standby as the primary's when a remote login password file is used for redo transport authentication.
That's why you need to copy the password file from the primary to the standby after changing the sys password on the primary database.
However, the 11g database introduces a new init parameter REDO_TRANSPORT_USER which specifies the name of the user whose password verifier is used when a remote login password file is used for redo transport authentication. This user must have SYSOPER privileges and must have the same password in the database that initiates the redo transport session and in the database that is the target of the redo transport session.
If this parameter is not specified, then the password verifier of the SYS user will be used when a remote login password file is used for redo transport authentication.
Conclusion: As long as you specify REDO_TRANSPORT_USER to a user who has SYSOPER privileges on both the primary and the standby databases, then you don't need to copy the password file from the primary database to the standby database whenever you change the sys password on the primary database.
SQL>GRANT SYSOPER to &USER;
SQL>ALTER SYSTEM SET REDO_TRANSPORT_USER = <user_name> SID='*';
The user you specified for REDO_TRANSPORT_USER must be an existing user in the database which exactly matches the value of the USERNAME column of a row in the V$PWFILE_USERS view and the value of the SYSDBA or SYSOPER column of the row must also be TRUE.
If you need to change the password for the user specified in REDO_TRANSPORT_USER, then you would need to copy the password file from the primary to the standby site.
You can change the password for sys user by re-creating the password file..use the following steps to change it
on primary (primary db name is cds in my example)-replace the password with your password
orapwd FILE=orapwcds password=singh123 ENTRIES=30 force=y
now copy this new password file to standby oracle_home
on standby (standby db name is cdssty in my example)
cd cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs
and then rename it
mv orapwcds orapwcdssty
Richa wrote:Hi Richa,
What will be in this case:-
Enter user-name: sys@test as sysdba
Enter password: 1234
Enter user-name: sys@testdr as sysdba
Enter password: 1234
Here in DR its testdr.
"TEST" and "TESTDR" are just the connection strings that are used to connect to the database. The connection strings do not have the password. The main concept of password in Dataguard Env is that the password of SYS user needs to be same on both the primary and the standby database. So, copy the password file from the primary server to the standby server and rename it on the standby server according to the standby SID.