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ORA-27102 SVR4 Error: 12: Not enough space

lrp Member Posts: 85
edited Apr 1, 2010 2:53PM in General Database Discussions
Our Oracle database is running on Solaris 10 / Sunfire hardware. Unfortunately, we've been seeing our database crash and corrupt a datafile in the process several times. The key alert log message is below (which I've blanked out some info for security purposes):
KCF: write/open error block=0xbc28 online=1
file=6 /***************.dbf
error=27063 txt: 'SVR4 Error: 12: Not enough space
Additional information: -1
Additional information: 8192'

KCF: write/open error block=0x1571 online=1
file=57 *************.dbf
error=27063 txt: 'SVR4 Error: 12: Not enough space
Additional information: -1
Additional information: 8192'
Automatic datafile offline due to write error on
file 57: ***********.dbf
I've already done a forum search for the error codes but couldn't find any other post that matched my exact situation/code. The key coincidence here is that the number 8192 matches a value in my ulimit (stack size). Below is what I would currently see as my oracle user:
ulimit -a
core file size (blocks, -c) unlimited
data seg size (kbytes, -d) unlimited
file size (blocks, -f) unlimited
open files (-n) 256
pipe size (512 bytes, -p) 10
stack size (kbytes, -s) 8192  <-------------
cpu time (seconds, -t) unlimited
max user processes (-u) 29995
virtual memory (kbytes, -v) unlimited
Oracle's documentation doesn't give me much information on what ORA-27063 means. Does anybody else know how Oracle reports 'Error 12:" codes coming from the OS? What the "additional information: -1" or "additional information: 8192" means? I need this in my troubleshooting so we can measure and adjust the correct resource, instead of blindly increasing stack size or other resource parameters on the OS.


  • sb92075
    sb92075 Member Posts: 42,196 Blue Diamond
    27063, 00000, "number of bytes read/written is incorrect"
    // *Cause: the number of bytes read/written as returned by aiowait
    // does not match the original number, additional information
    // indicates both these numbers
    // *Action: check errno

    : 'SVR4 Error: 12: Not enough space
    Is the volume filling up & running out of free disk space?
  • lrp
    lrp Member Posts: 85
    Good thoughts, but we had ruled that out early: Filesystem's not the issue, the disk had plenty of space. Metalink itself (472813.1) points to "the Unix error number (ERRNO) 12 during a Unix write()/open() system call, and this Unix error indicates a lack of *process memory* rather than physical disk space."

    - /var/adm/messages has no memory- or disk-related messages around the time of failure.
    - SAN administrator saw nothing in their logs at the time of failure

    We had already tried raising SGA and raising shared memory in the solaris project, but it seems like we're fishing for an answer by blindly raising a parameter when we don't know what OS limit Oracle had reached. The key numbers I'm looking for are those specified in the 'additional information' section. Oracle's knowledge base has nothing that I can use so far.
  • sb92075
    sb92075 Member Posts: 42,196 Blue Diamond
  • lrp
    lrp Member Posts: 85
    Thanks! We'd definitely been checking google for information for the past couple weeks before checking with Oracle Forums. In fact, there are several blogs and [lazydba/experts-exchange links|] on the subject which point us in the right direction and was the basis for us looking at enlarging the shared memory kernel parameters to start.

    At this point, it's more how to interpret how Oracle spits out information, since there wasn't any publicly available information on the format of the error code.

    Much like how P1, P2, and P3 in v$session_wait will mean different things, I would guess that the "Additional Information" tokens after the "Error: 12 code" mean different things. That much is evident in my searches, where it appears that:
    Error code 12 => memory related things
    Error code 11 => resource is temporarily unavailable for whatever reason
    Error code 5 => disk/IO issue

    .. so drilling down further, Error code 12's two additional information items must mean something:
    -1 => some return code?
    8192 => the number at which it failed at? Some bit-wise address?

    At no point does the stack gets mentioned in our diagnostic text, which is why I'm asking the larger oracle community.
  • sb92075
    sb92075 Member Posts: 42,196 Blue Diamond
    Are file=6 & file=57 on same volume?

    What is storage architecture containing Oracle's dbf files?
    What flavor of file system supports Oracle's dbf files?
  • lrp
    lrp Member Posts: 85
    To elaborate, the filesystem is UFS-based, all configured in RAID-6 [(striped disks with dual parity)|] (including the redo logs and archive logs). The storage underneath the filesystem is a Hitachi 9985v SAN, meaning the physical disks themselves were grouped into logical partitions and then divvied up into filesystems. Files #6 & 57 are on different filesystems, but all of them had ample space at the time.
  • sb92075
    sb92075 Member Posts: 42,196 Blue Diamond
    Since errors are being logged into alertSID.log file, you know when this problem occurs.
    When these errors occur, is it during HEAVY I/O activity.

    I am not making any accusation, just making idle observation.
    I have never used (or seen) UFS under Oracle.
    An ever so slight possibility is a file system bug is inflicting the damage.

    From my exeperience, the root cause is outside Oracle at OS or similar layer.
    Oracle is just to dumb to lie about errors & it is detecting a SNAFU in underlying system.

    Good Luck with your Gremlin hunt.
  • lrp
    lrp Member Posts: 85
    edited Jun 1, 2009 8:34PM
    I am entirely with you on this.
    -- if it was exclusively an oracle memory error, we would have seen an ORA-4031 indicating exactly which pool was compromised.
    -- if it was a dbwr error, we would have seen a more descriptive alert saying 'disk full' or 'crc did not match'
    -- etc.

    The only IO activity we did catch was the fact that RMAN archive log backups were running at the time. Our I/O usage charts for those filesystems (and solaris sar/vmstat/iostat counts) did not spike during those times.

    Regarding the filesystem setup, our vote was to use ZFS, but this was a decision made beyond our heads. Unfortunately, without a real error to show the SAN administrator, we are unable to provide them effective evidence to support the claim. Getting proper diagnostic information was the point of this forum post -- notably, Metalink's own article +(22080.1 - An Introduction to Error Message Articles)+ pretty much admits we need to look further than just the error codes:

    Please note that the steps included under these additional headings
    is generally very terse. Information may be incomplete and may use
    abbreviations which are not self explanatory. It is also possible that
    there may be references to articles which are not visible to customers.
    These additional notes are intended to help give pointers and are NOT
    intended to be a complete explanation of the error.

    More complete descriptions may be included in separate problem/solution or
    bulletin documents.
  • orafad
    orafad Member Posts: 8,035 Silver Trophy
    ora-27063 mentions "Cause: the number of bytes read/written as returned by aiowait does not match the original number, additional information indicates both these numbers"
    So OS returned -1 ("error state") while Oracle expected 8196 bytes (block size, probably).

    About the ENOMEM (error code 12) - it might be a good idea to check shared mem settings and system memory overall.
  • sb92075
    sb92075 Member Posts: 42,196 Blue Diamond
    When these errors occur, is it during HEAVY I/O activity?
    or just randomly across 24 hours?
This discussion has been closed.