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Usually there is a OS group called dba. All members of this group can connect as sysdba, because the are logged in to the OS.
Normally root is not a member of this group, but a root user can make any user a member of this group.
For more info launch:
grep -i ora /etc/group
If you make root member of dba group, it should solve your problem.
Edited by: user130038 on Sep 2, 2011 7:46 AM
By default sys user will be audited, so Oracle will create audit files. This path doesn't have write permission for root. This is why you are getting that error.