Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04

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    This is the simple how to for installing Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04

    I have tested all the steps on Ubuntu 12.04 32 bit OS

    SOURCE
    HOW TO INSTALL ORACLE DATABASE 11GR2 on UBUNTU 12.04
    http://www.techienote.com/tag/oracle-database-11g-r2-on-ubuntu-12-04

    Installing Dependencies
    To install dependencies, run
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install gcc make binutils gawk x11-utils rpm build-essential libaio1 libaio-dev libmotif4 libtool expat alien ksh pdksh unixODBC unixODBC-dev sysstat elfutils libelf-dev binutils lesstif2 lsb-cxx libstdc++5
    We need to create some softlinks to start the installation. To do so run the following commands,
    sudo ln -sf /bin/bash /bin/sh
    sudo ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk
    sudo ln -s /usr/bin/rpm /bin/rpm
    sudo ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename
    sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libpthread_nonshared.a /usr/lib/libpthread_nonshared.a
    sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libc_nonshared.a /usr/lib/libc_nonshared.a
    sudo ln -s /lib/i386-linux-gnu/libgcc_s.so.1 /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
    sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libstdc++.so.6 /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6
    Also we need to add oracle user and oinstall, dba, nobody group. Run following commands,
    sudo addgroup oinstall
    sudo addgroup dba
    sudo addgroup nobody
    sudo usermod -g nobody nobody
    sudo useradd -g oinstall -G dba -p password -d /home/oracle -s /bin/bash oracle
    sudo mkdir /home/oracle
    sudo chown -R oracle:dba /home/oracle
    We need to do changes in start-up script, run following commands as root
    mkdir /etc/rc.d
    for i in 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 S
    do ln -s /etc/rc$i.d /etc/rc.d/rc$i.d 
    done
    Now we will create the directory for installation, and changes it owner to oracle. Run following commands to do the same
    sudo mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
    sudo chown -R oracle:dba /u01
    We also need to modify the kernel parameter, to do so run following commands as root
    echo "#">> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "# Oracle 11gR2 entries">> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "fs.aio-max-nr=1048576" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "fs.file-max=6815744" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "kernel.shmall=2097152" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "kernel.shmmni=4096" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "kernel.sem=250 32000 100 128" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range=9000 65500" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "net.core.rmem_default=262144" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "net.core.rmem_max=4194304" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "net.core.wmem_default=262144" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "net.core.wmem_max=1048586" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    echo "kernel.shmmax=1073741824" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
    Note: kernel.shmmax = max possible value, e.g. size of physical memory in bytes. In my case machine is having 2GB so we are specifying 1GB. Adjust the parameter as per your configuration

    Load new kernel parameters, by running following,
    sudo sysctl -p
    We have to change shell configuration, to do the same run following commands as root user,
    cp /etc/security/limits.conf /etc/security/limits.conf.original
    echo "#Oracle 11gR2 shell limits:">>/etc/security/limits.conf
    echo "oracle soft nproc 2048">>/etc/security/limits.conf
    echo "oracle hard nproc 16384">>/etc/security/limits.conf
    echo "oracle soft nofile 1024">>/etc/security/limits.conf
    echo "oracle hard nofile 65536">>/etc/security/limits.conf
    Download Oracle 11g R2 database from Oracle Download Center for linux.

    I have downloaded both the zip in /home/oracle. We need to extract both the zip to start the installation. To unzip run,
    cd /home/oracle
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_1of2.zip 
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
    Now we will start the installation. You can start the installation from /home/oracle/database.
    Login as a oracle user.
    su oracle
    Go to the binaries and start the installation as a oracle user,
    cd /home/oracle
    chmod 777 -R database
    cd database
    ./runInstaller -ignoreSysPrereqs
    Next we go though the installation (I don’t have the “Oracle Support Password” so just skip in here):

    In Selection Installation Option, choose Create and configure a database:

    In System Class, choose Server Class (we hope to give a full control during installation):

    In Node Selection, choose Single instance database installation:

    In Select Install Type, choose Advanced install:

    In Select Product Languages, I choose to install English language:

    In Select Database Edition, I choose Enterprise Edition:

    In Specify Installation Location, it should default as below:
    Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle
    Sofeware Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
    In Create Inventory, it should default as below:
    Inventory Directory: /u01/app/oraInventory
    oraInventory Group Name: oinstall
    In Select Configure Type, choose General Purpose / Transaction Processing:

    (IMPORTANT!) In Specify Database Identifiers, configure as below:
    Global database name: orcl.techienote.com
    Oracle Service Identifier (SID): orcl
    In Specify Configuration Options, configure as below:
    Memory -> Enable Automatic Memory Management: TRUE
    Character sets: Use Unicode (AL32UTF8)
    In Specify Management Options, choose Use Database Control for database management but keep other else empty:

    In Specify Database Storage Options, choose File System where:

    Specify database file location: /u01/app/oracle/oradata

    In Specify Recovery Options, choose Do not enable automated backups:

    In Specify Schema Passwords, I am a bit lazy so choose Use the same password for all accounts (don’t do this in production server!):

    In Privileged Operating System Groups, confirm as below:
    Database Administrator (OSDBA) Group: dba
    Database Operator (OSOPER) Group: oinstall
    In Preform Prerequisite Checks, just simply ignore all warning message (since we are using Debian but not Oracle officially supported OS):

    So just confirm everything in Summary:

    And now let’s go for a coffee break ;-)

    Now following the instructions and run the following commands with “root” user:
    /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
    /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
    Ok you get it!

    Confirm with installation progress

    In previous screen the installer mentioned that we can access “Enterprise Manager Database Control URL” from https://localhost:1158/em, so now let’s open the browser and test it with following account:
    User Name: SYS
    Password: your_secret_password
    Connect As: SYSDBA
    Once login it should show as below:

    Error which I faced at the time of installation :
    Error No 1

    INFO: Building Client Shared Libraries
    INFO: Building Client Shared Libraries
    INFO: The output of this make operation is also available at: '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/install/make.log'
    INFO:

    INFO: Start output from spawned process:
    INFO: ----------------------------------
    INFO:

    INFO: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/bin/genclntsh

    INFO: /
    INFO: usr
    INFO: /
    INFO: bin/ld: cannot find /usr/lib/libpthread_nonshared.a
    INFO: inside
    collect2:
    INFO: ld returned 1 exit status
    INFO:

    INFO: genclntsh: Failed to link libclntsh.so.11.1

    INFO: make:
    INFO: *** [client_sharedlib] Error 1

    INFO: End output from spawned process.
    INFO: ----------------------------------
    INFO: Exception thrown from action: make
    Exception Name: MakefileException
    Exception String: Error in invoking target 'client_sharedlib' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/lib/ins_rdbms.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2012-05-08_10-11-08PM.log' for details.
    Exception Severity: 1
    <pre>

    Solution for problem 1 is as follows
    <pre lang="bash">
    wget http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/i/ia32-libs/ia32-libs_2.2ubuntu10_amd64.deb
    dpkg-deb -x ia32-libs_2.2ubuntu10_amd64.deb ia32-libs
    cp ia32-libs/usr/lib32/libstdc++.so.5.0.7 /usr/lib/
    cd /usr/lib
    ln -s libstdc++.so.5.0.7 libstdc++.so.5
    ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libpthread_nonshared.a /usr/lib/libpthread_nonshared.a

    Error No 2

    INFO: /
    INFO: usr
    INFO: /
    INFO: bin
    INFO: /ld: warning: -z lazyload ignored.
    /usr/bin/ld:
    INFO: warning
    INFO: : -z nolazyload ignored.
    /usr/bin/ld: /u01/app/oracle/product
    INFO: /11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib//libnmectl.a(nmectlt.o): undefined reference to symbol 'B_DestroyKeyObject'
    INFO:

    INFO: /usr/bin/ld: note: 'B_DestroyKeyObject' is defined in DSO /u01
    INFO: /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libnnz11.so so try adding it to the
    INFO: linker
    INFO:
    INFO: command line
    /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libnnz11.so: could
    INFO:
    INFO: not read symbols: Invalid operation
    collect2:
    INFO: ld returned 1 exit status
    INFO:

    INFO: make[1]: Leaving directory `/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib'

    INFO: make[1]: *** [u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/emdctl] Error 1
    make: *** [emdctl] Error 2

    INFO: End output from spawned process.
    INFO: ----------------------------------
    INFO: Exception thrown from action: make
    Exception Name: MakefileException
    Exception String: Error in invoking target 'agent nmhs' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2012-05-08_10-11-08PM.log' for details.
    Exception Severity: 1

    Solution for problem 2 is as follows

    export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/
    sed -i 's/^\(\s*\$(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL)\)\s*$/\1 -lnnz11/g' $ORACLE_HOME/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk
    sed -i 's/^\(\$LD \$LD_RUNTIME\) \(\$LD_OPT\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/bin/genorasdksh
    sed -i 's/^\(\s*\)\(\$(OCRLIBS_DEFAULT)\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib/ins_srvm.mk
    sed -i 's/^\(TNSLSNR_LINKLINE.*\$(TNSLSNR_OFILES)\) \(\$(LINKTTLIBS)\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/network/lib/env_network.mk
    sed -i 's/^\(ORACLE_LINKLINE.*\$(ORACLE_LINKER)\) \(\$(PL_FLAGS)\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib/env_rdbms.mk

    In case of any questions kindly post it here.


    Edited by: user9171063 on Nov 3, 2012 6:24 AM

    Edited by: user9171063 on Nov 3, 2012 6:29 AM
      • 1. Re: Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04
        Srini Chavali-Oracle
        Ubuntu is currently not a certified distro for installing 11gR2 - http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/install.112/e24321/pre_install.htm#CIHFICFD

        Just because you are somehow able to install the software does not necessarily mean that all of the features will work as advertised - you will have to troubleshoot any issues on your own.

        Oracle Linux is available for free (from https://linux.oracle.com) for personal learning purposes and is a supported OS for the purposes of installing 11gR2, and is likely a better choice than Ubuntu

        HTH
        Srini
        • 2. Re: Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04
          552969
          didnt work for me on Ubuntu 12.04 (64 bit)
          Still getting first error you mentioned here.

          Let me know if you do find some alternative for this...

          cheers
          raghav..
          • 3. Re: Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04
            sb92075
            raghav wrote:
            didnt work for me on Ubuntu 12.04 (64 bit)
            Still getting first error you mentioned here.

            Let me know if you do find some alternative for this...

            cheers
            raghav..
            use VirtualBox to run prepackaged & installed Oracle DB
            • 4. Re: Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04
              Srini Chavali-Oracle
              Download and instructions are here - http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/databaseappdev-vm-161299.html

              HTH
              Srini
              • 5. Re: Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04
                EdStevens
                raghav wrote:
                didnt work for me on Ubuntu 12.04 (64 bit)
                Still getting first error you mentioned here.

                Let me know if you do find some alternative for this...

                cheers
                raghav..
                The alternative for you is the same as was given to the OP. Namely, run an OS that is certified by Oracle to support their products. Ubuntu isn't one of them, no matter how clever some people may seem. Often they are "too clever by half."

                Just because someone posts that they were able to get their car to run on sewage water doesn't mean you can, or should. And it certainly doesn't mean you can expect to get help from any certified mechanic -- not to mention the dealership -- if you actually attempt to do so and run into, uh, "issues."

                Edited by: EdStevens on Nov 24, 2012 10:30 PM