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9 Replies Latest reply: Jun 20, 2013 5:54 AM by EdStevens RSS

Install Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04

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This is the simple how to for installing Oracle Database 11gR2 on Ubuntu 12.04

I have tested all the steps on Ubuntu 12.04 32 bit OS

SOURCE
HOW TO INSTALL ORACLE DATABASE 11GR2 on UBUNTU 12.04
http://www.techienote.com/tag/oracle-database-11g-r2-on-ubuntu-12-04

Installing Dependencies
To install dependencies, run
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gcc make binutils gawk x11-utils rpm build-essential libaio1 libaio-dev libmotif4 libtool expat alien ksh pdksh unixODBC unixODBC-dev sysstat elfutils libelf-dev binutils lesstif2 lsb-cxx libstdc++5
We need to create some softlinks to start the installation. To do so run the following commands,
sudo ln -sf /bin/bash /bin/sh
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/rpm /bin/rpm
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libpthread_nonshared.a /usr/lib/libpthread_nonshared.a
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libc_nonshared.a /usr/lib/libc_nonshared.a
sudo ln -s /lib/i386-linux-gnu/libgcc_s.so.1 /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libstdc++.so.6 /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6
Also we need to add oracle user and oinstall, dba, nobody group. Run following commands,
sudo addgroup oinstall
sudo addgroup dba
sudo addgroup nobody
sudo usermod -g nobody nobody
sudo useradd -g oinstall -G dba -p password -d /home/oracle -s /bin/bash oracle
sudo mkdir /home/oracle
sudo chown -R oracle:dba /home/oracle
We need to do changes in start-up script, run following commands as root
mkdir /etc/rc.d
for i in 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 S
do ln -s /etc/rc$i.d /etc/rc.d/rc$i.d 
done
Now we will create the directory for installation, and changes it owner to oracle. Run following commands to do the same
sudo mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
sudo chown -R oracle:dba /u01
We also need to modify the kernel parameter, to do so run following commands as root
echo "#">> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "# Oracle 11gR2 entries">> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "fs.aio-max-nr=1048576" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "fs.file-max=6815744" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.shmall=2097152" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.shmmni=4096" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.sem=250 32000 100 128" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range=9000 65500" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.rmem_default=262144" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.rmem_max=4194304" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.wmem_default=262144" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.wmem_max=1048586" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.shmmax=1073741824" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
Note: kernel.shmmax = max possible value, e.g. size of physical memory in bytes. In my case machine is having 2GB so we are specifying 1GB. Adjust the parameter as per your configuration

Load new kernel parameters, by running following,
sudo sysctl -p
We have to change shell configuration, to do the same run following commands as root user,
cp /etc/security/limits.conf /etc/security/limits.conf.original
echo "#Oracle 11gR2 shell limits:">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle soft nproc 2048">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle hard nproc 16384">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle soft nofile 1024">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle hard nofile 65536">>/etc/security/limits.conf
Download Oracle 11g R2 database from Oracle Download Center for linux.

I have downloaded both the zip in /home/oracle. We need to extract both the zip to start the installation. To unzip run,
cd /home/oracle
unzip linux_11gR2_database_1of2.zip 
unzip linux_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
Now we will start the installation. You can start the installation from /home/oracle/database.
Login as a oracle user.
su oracle
Go to the binaries and start the installation as a oracle user,
cd /home/oracle
chmod 777 -R database
cd database
./runInstaller -ignoreSysPrereqs
Next we go though the installation (I don’t have the “Oracle Support Password” so just skip in here):

In Selection Installation Option, choose Create and configure a database:

In System Class, choose Server Class (we hope to give a full control during installation):

In Node Selection, choose Single instance database installation:

In Select Install Type, choose Advanced install:

In Select Product Languages, I choose to install English language:

In Select Database Edition, I choose Enterprise Edition:

In Specify Installation Location, it should default as below:
Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle
Sofeware Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
In Create Inventory, it should default as below:
Inventory Directory: /u01/app/oraInventory
oraInventory Group Name: oinstall
In Select Configure Type, choose General Purpose / Transaction Processing:

(IMPORTANT!) In Specify Database Identifiers, configure as below:
Global database name: orcl.techienote.com
Oracle Service Identifier (SID): orcl
In Specify Configuration Options, configure as below:
Memory -> Enable Automatic Memory Management: TRUE
Character sets: Use Unicode (AL32UTF8)
In Specify Management Options, choose Use Database Control for database management but keep other else empty:

In Specify Database Storage Options, choose File System where:

Specify database file location: /u01/app/oracle/oradata

In Specify Recovery Options, choose Do not enable automated backups:

In Specify Schema Passwords, I am a bit lazy so choose Use the same password for all accounts (don’t do this in production server!):

In Privileged Operating System Groups, confirm as below:
Database Administrator (OSDBA) Group: dba
Database Operator (OSOPER) Group: oinstall
In Preform Prerequisite Checks, just simply ignore all warning message (since we are using Debian but not Oracle officially supported OS):

So just confirm everything in Summary:

And now let’s go for a coffee break ;-)

Now following the instructions and run the following commands with “root” user:
/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
Ok you get it!

Confirm with installation progress

In previous screen the installer mentioned that we can access “Enterprise Manager Database Control URL” from https://localhost:1158/em, so now let’s open the browser and test it with following account:
User Name: SYS
Password: your_secret_password
Connect As: SYSDBA
Once login it should show as below:

Error which I faced at the time of installation :
Error No 1

INFO: Building Client Shared Libraries
INFO: Building Client Shared Libraries
INFO: The output of this make operation is also available at: '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/install/make.log'
INFO:

INFO: Start output from spawned process:
INFO: ----------------------------------
INFO:

INFO: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/bin/genclntsh

INFO: /
INFO: usr
INFO: /
INFO: bin/ld: cannot find /usr/lib/libpthread_nonshared.a
INFO: inside
collect2:
INFO: ld returned 1 exit status
INFO:

INFO: genclntsh: Failed to link libclntsh.so.11.1

INFO: make:
INFO: *** [client_sharedlib] Error 1

INFO: End output from spawned process.
INFO: ----------------------------------
INFO: Exception thrown from action: make
Exception Name: MakefileException
Exception String: Error in invoking target 'client_sharedlib' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/lib/ins_rdbms.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2012-05-08_10-11-08PM.log' for details.
Exception Severity: 1
<pre>

Solution for problem 1 is as follows
<pre lang="bash">
wget http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/i/ia32-libs/ia32-libs_2.2ubuntu10_amd64.deb
dpkg-deb -x ia32-libs_2.2ubuntu10_amd64.deb ia32-libs
cp ia32-libs/usr/lib32/libstdc++.so.5.0.7 /usr/lib/
cd /usr/lib
ln -s libstdc++.so.5.0.7 libstdc++.so.5
ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libpthread_nonshared.a /usr/lib/libpthread_nonshared.a

Error No 2

INFO: /
INFO: usr
INFO: /
INFO: bin
INFO: /ld: warning: -z lazyload ignored.
/usr/bin/ld:
INFO: warning
INFO: : -z nolazyload ignored.
/usr/bin/ld: /u01/app/oracle/product
INFO: /11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib//libnmectl.a(nmectlt.o): undefined reference to symbol 'B_DestroyKeyObject'
INFO:

INFO: /usr/bin/ld: note: 'B_DestroyKeyObject' is defined in DSO /u01
INFO: /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libnnz11.so so try adding it to the
INFO: linker
INFO:
INFO: command line
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib/libnnz11.so: could
INFO:
INFO: not read symbols: Invalid operation
collect2:
INFO: ld returned 1 exit status
INFO:

INFO: make[1]: Leaving directory `/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib'

INFO: make[1]: *** [u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/emdctl] Error 1
make: *** [emdctl] Error 2

INFO: End output from spawned process.
INFO: ----------------------------------
INFO: Exception thrown from action: make
Exception Name: MakefileException
Exception String: Error in invoking target 'agent nmhs' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2012-05-08_10-11-08PM.log' for details.
Exception Severity: 1

Solution for problem 2 is as follows

export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/
sed -i 's/^\(\s*\$(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL)\)\s*$/\1 -lnnz11/g' $ORACLE_HOME/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk
sed -i 's/^\(\$LD \$LD_RUNTIME\) \(\$LD_OPT\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/bin/genorasdksh
sed -i 's/^\(\s*\)\(\$(OCRLIBS_DEFAULT)\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib/ins_srvm.mk
sed -i 's/^\(TNSLSNR_LINKLINE.*\$(TNSLSNR_OFILES)\) \(\$(LINKTTLIBS)\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/network/lib/env_network.mk
sed -i 's/^\(ORACLE_LINKLINE.*\$(ORACLE_LINKER)\) \(\$(PL_FLAGS)\)/\1 -Wl,--no-as-needed \2/g' $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib/env_rdbms.mk

In case of any questions kindly post it here.


Edited by: user9171063 on Nov 3, 2012 6:24 AM

Edited by: user9171063 on Nov 3, 2012 6:29 AM

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