Did you download/install the "64-bit with JDK 8 included"?
If not install that one and try that.
Thanks for your answer.
Yes, I have downloaded it in 64-bit with JDK 8 included, because I do the mistake previously...
I have found the solution
Do not change the option Presentation Oracle by Windows and SQL Developer will work fine.
Navigation: Outils / Preferences --> Environnement Presentation: Oracle (do not change it)
I suppose use of "Oracle" Look and Feel has long been the standard recommendation (especially for non-Windows platforms), but I do not experience your application close issue on Windows 10 for either the 4.2 or 17.2 SQL Developer releases.
Glad to hear this seems to have solved your issue.