To clarify your doubt,
You have applied the patch to RDBMS HOME
So no action is required if you just restore your database from backup.
Note: if there was some grants/ sql commands executed as part of post patching in database you may need to consider those action to re-perform after a restore
But in this patch case it is not required
Hope this helped to clarify for future cases.
How do I know if it has sql part being run to update database? like the ad_bugs table?
you can check the patch readme. I can see there is no post steps in that patch readme
You just check opatch lasinventory|patch number to confirm for patch availability
The patch readme includes any pre OR post patching tasks. And the common tasks is observed as grants for database
Thanks Jibu and Shaik